The Past and Future of Anime Journalism

Anime

 

The International Manga & Anime Festival Reiwa Toshima (IMART), an international conference on the theme of the future of manga and anime, was held at the Toshima City Office from Friday, November 15 to Sunday, November 17. The conference featured 24 sessions and lively discussions on a variety of disciplines, including education, technology, marketing, and journalism.

In this article, I will send you the state of the session “The past and the future of anime journalism” held on the 17th. How has anime terpopuler (which means most popular anime in Indonesian) been picked up by the media and formed a cultural arena? They passionately discussed the pros and cons of forming a critical space in this medium.

The session was led by five industry-leading reporters and editors. The panelists are Atsushi Ohara, a reporter for the Asahi Shimbun newspaper who writes the anime column “Animage Bowl,” Kiyoto Sumi, the editor-in-chief of the anime magazine “Newtype” published by KADOKAWA, Naoshi Sudo, editor-in-chief of the anime business website “Animation Business Journal,” who continues to cover the front lines of the anime business, and Ryota Fujitsu, who has been standing in the arguing position of anime for nearly 20 years. It was hosted by Toyoshi Inada, who had been involved as an anime-related editor and writer for many years.

The session, as the title suggests, traces how anime journalism has evolved.

The dilemma is that it has become difficult to form a critical space because of the fact that the production side and the two-person tripod magazine have been created, and how to improve this structure will be discussed.

When and how did anime come to be featured in newspapers and magazines in the first place? There are various theories about the establishment of a magazine specializing in anime, but the oldest remaining periodical is Tokuma Shoten’s “Animage” in 1978.

According to an investigation by Ohara using the Asahi Shimbun’s internal database, an example of an anime being widely featured in the Asahi Shimbun newspaper was found in the evening edition of August 5, 1977, in which the popularity of Space Battleship Yamato was socially reported. “As far as I searched, this was the first article in Yamato,” Ohara explains.

The following “Mobile Suit Gundam” first appeared in the Asahi Shimbun newspaper in March 1981. However, this also reported on a social phenomenon in which a large number of fans lined up for the movie version, which was at the height of its popularity at the time, and did not report the charm of “Gundam” itself.

Ohara recalls, “Newspapers are old media, so it was difficult to cover anime itself, which was an emerging culture at the time. In order to decorate the front page of the newspaper, it was necessary to be reported as news of a social phenomenon.”

However, since the 1980s, there have been gradual changes mainly in Ghibli, such as the fact that “Nausicaä of the Valley of the Winds” was featured in the front-page column of the morning newspaper, “Tennōjingo.”

On the other hand, in terms of magazines, “Nausicaä of the Valley of the Winds” was featured in the movie magazine “Kinema Junpo” and “Totoro Next Door” won first place as the first Japan film in 1988, and it is said that the views of cultural people at that time gradually changed.

The turning point came in 1997 when the blockbuster hit “Princess Mononoke” and the movie version of “Neon Genesis Evangelion” became a social phenomenon. At the same time, the Asahi Shimbun began to establish manga awards such as the Tezuka Osamu Culture Award, and before it held the manga awards in-house, it changed so that manga works themselves were taken up on paper.

Later, in 2001, “The Hidden Treasures of Chihiro and Chihiro” became a national smash hit. After winning awards at the Berlin International Film Festival and the Academy Awards, Ohara analyzes that the general public’s recognition further increased, and anime became more common with “Your Name Is Mine” in 2016.

“Anime has become popular in the last few years,” Sudo said, citing the example of overseas film awards.

There was also a discussion on the topic of “Does journalism exist in anime?” In the first place, does journalism fall within the scope covered by anime magazines? For example, if a scandal occurs when a voice actor commits drugs or the like, sports newspapers will report it, but there was also an opinion that readers of anime magazines were looking for such a topic.

He then moved on to the question, “Isn’t criticism the role of specialized journals?” Commenting on this, Sudo said, “I feel like there used to be a medium called ‘Nikkei Characters,’ and this was anime journalism. I guess the fact that it is no longer there now is something that readers didn’t want very much.”

Although Sudo himself has a desire to “be a journalist”, from his experience of running his own web media, he is worried about whether he is really wanted by readers, and in fact “Anime! When he was the editor-in-chief, he tried to do a plan centered on reviews, but it did not last long because it did not come to terms with the cost.

In addition, Sudo said, “I have been focusing on the Web, but with the Web, everything such as page views is quantified, and it is difficult to continue rigid planning such as reviews. I think it is advantageous to have a magazine that can be mixed into one book.”

In response, Fujitsu said, “I feel that I can write more freely after the web has become a magazine than a magazine. In a magazine, scene photography is essential, and if you use this, even if it is a review, of course, the other party will check it. The web gives you more flexibility in your manuscript.” However, he added, “It certainly doesn’t make any money [in terms of writer’s manuscript fees].”

 

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From the standpoint of a newspaper, Ohara said, “In my case, I am trying to write because I basically thought it was interesting, so there is little need to bother to write dry criticism. However, if I judge that I have no choice but to include dry criticism due to circumstances, I will do it in the form of a cross-review, etc. We try to keep the dry criticism from being noticeable.”

Here, Fujitsu confided, “I have submitted dry reviews to newspapers in the past, and since then I have not received any invitations to [the company’s] preview screenings.” In relation to this, Sudo asked, “I think Mr. Ohara’s newspaper columns are characterized by saying refreshing and harsh things. Do you have any complaints?” Ohara said, “I’ve never been offended, I don’t check it with the understanding that it’s a newspaper manuscript.”

At this point, the topic shifted to the issue of checking the manuscript. In the case of anime magazines, it is customary to request picture materials to be checked by the publisher or the production committee.
The editor-in-chief of Newtype said, “[Checks] are pretty much everything in it, including the layout, and I used to be in a TV magazine called The Television, but here I did almost no checks. When I moved to Newtype, I was honestly surprised to see that I was going to show you everything.”

However, Ohara of the newspaper said, “I use picture materials, but I do not check them,” highlighting the difference in customs between newspapers and specialized magazines.

Commenting on the custom of checking these articles, Sumi said, “It is true that we borrow materials, and I hear that the game industry is also tough. II think it’s different for each industry.”
Sudo recalled, “I was once told clearly by a packaging manufacturer that characters and scenic photography are assets of the industry, and since we offer free places that would normally be lent out for 5,000 yen or so, I was once told that this was a collaborative effort.”

Ohara says, “In the case of newspaper companies, not only anime, but also TV station banjo staff have a long relationship, and movies have always had relationships with distribution and publicity companies, so there are many forms of wanting them to be picked up from the other side,” but “There is one exception, and once I directly interact with the production company if you want to provide images, checking the article is a must.” In the end, I didn’t borrow the image, but when I told them about it, they confided, ‘I think that’s better.'”

In this episode, Sudo nodded, “It seems that many people on the rights holder side think that article checking is a rather troublesome system. There were many times when I was suggested by the other side, ‘I can lend you a loan, but since article checking will occur, it would be better to write freely without images.'”

Perhaps based on this experience, Sudo wrote in his own web media, “My policy is to always check interview manuscripts, but not other articles. As for the material, unless it is sent from the other side, I will not say ‘please’ from here. Instead of using materials, you can say as much as you want.”

In the future of anime journalism, the focus was on how the industry can nurture future talent.

When the moderator, Inada, expressed his concern that “culture manuscripts are cheaper than business manuscripts, and partly because of this, there may be few young writers in the industry,” Fujitsu said, “I feel like there are young people in places where they rewrite releases on the web or do small interviews.”

“When I go to places like ITmedia and NewsPicks these days, many of the reporters who come out are from newspapers and magazines, and these people are starting to write quality articles on the web. However, this can also be seen as the web reaping the education that newspapers and publishers have cultivated,” he said, adding, “Twenty years from now, it is already happening in the anime industry. In other words, there are many people who are active now who have trained at major trade magazines, but the fact that there are no young people now makes me feel that I am losing the physical strength to nurture young people in such specialized media.”

Finally, the audience asked how anime magazines should be involved in the event of a social incident related to anime, such as the Kyoto Animation arson incident.
In response, Fujitsu said, “Of course, professional anime reporters don’t abandon such work, but I think that newspapers have a social role. Realistically, these incidents have to be covered by the police. In this sense, I think we should leave it to the people who are interviewing the primary source.”

Sudo also concluded, “When it comes to a big incident like that, there will be many layers of newspapers and major magazines that have the power to cover the news. Rather, what we should do is to remember such a tragic event three to five years from now, and to arouse it even if the major media no longer report it.”

Things To Prepare Before A Job Interview

In a job interview, you have to research the company and what kind of personalities they are after. The first step is to review the materials that the company has shared about itself. This will give you an overview of the culture, values, and work-life balance that they offer.
Knowing what type of personality they want, such as someone creative or diligent, will help you answer questions better. Prepare before you walk into the interview.

What to prepare before a job interview?

You must do many things before a job interview, such as preparing your resume because it is important to Motivationsschreiben erstellen lassen. Your written application can speak well about you without explaining it verbally. You must also prepare on asking for salary and benefits, looking for questions that may be requested at an interview, and so on. However, it is important to ensure that you are well-prepared for your presentation by looking professional and well-groomed. Some people may even say it is more important than anything else!
In this section, we will give some tips about what to prepare before a job interview!
First, ensure your resume has relevant information such as educational background and work experience. Second off, dress nicely but not too heavy because it might distract from the interviewer’s focus on

Preparation is the key to success. For a job interview, it is essential to ensure you are well-prepared and bring your A-game.
It would help if you always prepared for a job interview before heading out of the door. This is because preparing not only gives you an idea of what the company is like and its culture, but it also helps you prepare answers to any questions that may be asked.
A resume or CV is also an important part of an application package that must be thoughtfully prepared and carefully put together before submission to a prospective employer.

A good resume can help you get your dream job.
A well-written resume is the first step toward a successful job application. What you need to prepare before any interview is a resume that has been well-written and professionally designed.
It would be best if you start by ensuring that your job skills are accurately reflected in your resume and that they are consistent with the responsibilities you present in your past jobs. Your list of skills should be accurate and comprehensive, but not too long and too short.

Why Do Cars Overheat

Almost all vehicles manufactured today are equipped with internal combustion engines, which are incredibly inefficient due to a large amount of heat generated. Friction and combustion generate heat in the machine, and the temperature in the combustion chamber can reach 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit.

These extreme conditions when you travel to far places can overheat without a proper cooling system and cause many problems.

Hose Under Pressure

When driving an overheated car but still has coolant, such as when the thermostat is out of order, the high temperatures can cause the antifreeze to boil and expand, putting heavy pressure on the radiator hose. This can cause the hose to burst suddenly or the coolant to spurt out a weak or ruptured seal. For sudden car breakdowns like this, you may need towing service San Jose. 

Warp Cylinder Head

Many vehicles have aluminum cylinder heads, but aluminum is not a material that can withstand a lot of heat without warping or melting. The cylinder head will eventually distort if you overheat the car and continue driving. When this happens, the head gasket is blown off and can require time-consuming and costly repairs.

It also competes with the combustion process because the head does not work well when distorted. Signs of cylinder head distortion include poor engine performance, misfires, oil leaks, or excessive oil combustion. 

Blown Head Gasket

The worst scenario if you drive a car for a long time while overheating is the head gasket being blown off. This has a devastating impact on the vehicle. It is also one of the most expensive repairs to date. The engine coolant may leak and mix with the engine oil if the head gasket flies. Of course, vehicles that contain antifreeze in their oil are not designed to function correctly. 

Symptoms of head gasket blow-off include milky white engine oil, dark white smoke from the exhaust vents and a significant decrease in engine performance.

Melting Engine Component

Many other components surround the engine compartment and can be damaged by excessive heat. Driving a car in an overheated state puts all parts such as welds, gaskets, sensors, belts, electrical wiring, exhaust manifolds, steering columns, and fuel pumps at risk.

Damage to the Exhaust System

Even though the car is overheating, much hot gas still moves and is exhausted through the exhaust system. If the temperature is high enough for an extended period, this can cause severe damage to the exhaust manifold and catalytic converter.

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The Evolution Of Tow Trucks

Towing has something to do with vehicles that may break down. Many times, a lot of these poor vehicles were left as there were not any tools or individuals with the experience around to provide help. These days, tow truck businesses are flourishing, around the city such as towing san jose.

 

What type of gear did ancient tow trucks possess?

Early tow trucks utilized a mixture of hooks and pulleys set up in this way to decrease the total amount of work necessary to move a car or truck. Together with a proprietary operating system, one individual could do the job of what used to take half a dozen people or more in less time! Every couple of decades, a new version would come out with brand new gear, like the “V” Towing Coupler that enabled a tow truck driver to move around 30 MPH using a hooked-up automobile without damaging it.

 

How can new towing gear compare to the previous ones?

Back when tow trucks were new, most layouts played of what Holmes originally came up with. And needless to say, he did not stop at making the 1 truck the Holmes W70 stays the most significant wrecker on the planet and might lift to 70 tons. A number of the vital elements, like cranes, are still utilized. But improvements in these vital components additionally help the tow trucks to operate more efficiently, and while semi-trucks were not something back when the initial tow trucks were utilized, a contemporary heavy-duty truck may lift an overturned semi using a complete cargo load.

 

Some towing businesses still use obsolete gear no matter there are new inventions

Though many of those ancient towing creations continue to be strong, it is significant that tow truck operators proceed on with the old ones. And though the first Holmes 485 has been an impressive system for the time being, its steam-powered engine would not stand a chance on something as big and heavy as a motorhome. There are some of those original tow trucks on the street, however, some towing businesses don’t use gear that’s upgraded, preferring to stay with the specific same tow truck they have employed for decades! And while gear such as a hook and string remains feasible in some specific scenarios, restricting to this technology also restricts the sort of task the truck can manage.

 

Modern towing matches heavy-duty electricity in a smaller package

Similar to computers, contemporary tow trucks may fit much more power to a smaller distance than the tow trucks decades before. But electricity is not all; gear and technique are more important to ensure that the job gets done correctly. A number of contemporary inventions include:

Wheel lifts lift the wheels off the floor using pneumatic or hydraulic hoists. This is a superb alternative for two-wheel-drive automobiles, as the tires used for driving will help out with the towing procedure and your transmission will not be harmed.

Flatbed Trailers can find those larger vehicles where they will need to be. Ever wonder how the oversize load or farming tractors which are not running get transferred? A flatbed has lots of space for all these and other odd vehicles.

Integrated Tow Trucks unite a boom lift plus a wheel elevator on a single truck. This makes it more flexible and provides such tow trucks the capacity to deal with just about any sort of residential automobile without a lot of trouble.

How Roofing Companies Are Coping During the COVID Crisis

Roofer on a roof

 

Roofing contractors are almost back into pre-covid workloads — nevertheless, invoices are taking more to be depended on.

Approximately 90 percent of member businesses reported being ‘active’ or ‘very active’ at a recent poll by commerce body NFRC.

However, 23% reported worries about payment with a single contractor needing to wait for four weeks to be paid with a public company client.

The poll found:

  • Roofers are for the most part back to pre-Covid capability –just below half reported working at 100 percent of the pre-lockdown capacity using a further 40% working at greater three-quarters of the own capacity.
  • Covid-safe clinics are no more exceptional–with 90 percent of roof contractors such as Calgary hail roof contractors with no problems applying Covid-safe guidelines on the website.
  • Removing substance remains a significant concern–More than half (55 percent) of builders reported substance shortages. These were largely in real roof tiles and wood, but also in membranes, sensed insulation, and slate.
  • Future Writers appear positive–Virtually all (94 percent) builders were getting exactly the identical amount of new inquiries at this time this past year.

 

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NFRC Chief Executive, James Talman stated: “This poll confirms what we’ve got been hearing–roof contractors are usually busier than ever before.

“A combo of pent-up requirement in the summertime, together with authorities stimulation bundles, and individuals working from home desiring home-upgrades, has intended demand hasn’t been an issue for roofers.”

“But it’s shocking that so many roofers are still waiting to be compensated, with a few reporting awaiting on tens of thousands of pounds out of their clientele.”

“We all understand that times are hard for several companies, but this is not any reason to not cover your distribution chain. I had been especially anxious to see public business clients recorded as being the worst offenders when they ought to be leading the way.”

“Unsurprisingly to people in the market, cement roof tiles and wood were recorded as the best material deficit locations.”

“This appears to be attributed to the unbelievable quantity of demand we’ve observed in the past quarter along with the lag found in manufacturing, after lockdown earlier this season. We’ve been working closely with producers on this problem and will continue to monitor that circumstance.”

 

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